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History of aquaculture

History of Fish Cultivation in the Sea
Japan's first vision of fish farming
When Japan was defeated in WWII, fish hauls at ports in Wakayama and around Japan were decreased drastically. Seeing the situation, Koichi Seko, the first President of Kindai University, envisioned the sea as a large tank and came up with the notion of "fish cultivation in the sea". This is the origin of fish farming. At that time, only commercial fishing was done in the open sea, yet despite the disbelief of most fishermen, Seko strongly advocated fish farming to promote the fisheries and the self-sufficient nation in marine resources. Then, in 1948, a seaside research facility that later known as the Aquaculture Research Institute was born in Shirahama in Nanki area.

Foreseen a new way of successful fish farming
In the very beginning, these first-time-ever tests failed and failed. While university was facing financial difficulties and the idea of temporarily suspending research was even tabled, the research was continued with the strong belief and support of Koichi Seko. Eventually, the hard efforts of Seko himsell and others had brought the first success on fish-farmed yellowtail. They continued to venture in with more expensive fishes such as red sea bream and great amberjack, which had drew attention to the Aquaculture Research Institute from people in the fishing industry. Today, the Aquaculture Research Institute started by Koichi Seko has brought up aquaculture industry which produced some 150,000 ton of yellowtail.

Cage farming at the core of fish farming technology
One of the reasons for the success in fish farming was the "cage farming with fry" introduced by Teruo Harada. During that time, researchers had sectioned a part of the bay as a fish pond, released fish and fed them, but Harada thought of using net enclosures and raising fry. Harada was scouted out by Koichi Seko who traveled to the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyoto University to look for a potential researcher to establish fish farming technology. Harada's revolutionary "cage farming with fry" led to success with aquaculture marine products. This technology is the mainstream in fish farming around the world nowadays.

Pioneers of fisheries research and hatchery technology in Japan
1st President and Director
Koichi Seko
July 1948-April 1965
2nd President and Director
Masataka Seko
April 1965-September 1998
3rd President
Hiroaki Seko
September 1998-2008
1st Director of Aquaculture Research Institute
Keiichi Matsui
September 1958-August 1976
2nd Director of Aquaculture Research Institute
Teruo Harada
August 1976-June 1991
3rd Director of Aquaculture Research Institute
Hidemi Kumai
July 1991-March 2008
4th Director of Aquaculture Research Institute
Osamu Murata
March 2008-March 2011
5th Director of Aquaculture Research Institute
Sigeru Miyashita
April 2011- November 2015
6th Director of Aquaculture Research Institute
Shukei Masuma
April 2016- present

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